This map drawn by architect William Edgar in 1742, shows Edinburgh as it was at the time of the Jacobite risings led by Bonnie Prince Charlie.
It clearly shows the distinctive pattern of closes and wynds, creating what is often described as a herring bone shape. Some key city landmarks are shown which no longer exist, such as the Luckenbooth shops next to St. Giles’ Cathedral, and the Netherbow Gate which marked the entrance to the city.
Suggested learning activity
Compare this map to Kay’s plan dating from 1836 (above). Find and mark Edinburgh Castle on the maps. Can you find the Nor’ Loch on both maps? (If not, what is in its place?) Look at the two maps together and list the similarities and differences. What do you think are the main differences between how the city looked in 1742 and 1863?
To add an additional level to this activity, compare either the 1742 or 1836 map with the map dated 1575 (below), or find a modern day map of Edinburgh and compare one of the historic plans with how the city looks today. List as may similarities and differences as you can find and think about what this tells us about how the city has changed over the years.