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Edinburgh World Heritage/Canongate Kirkyard map

Canongate Kirkyard map

Luke James O'Neill

This is the gravestone of Luke James O'Neill (1736-1824). While the O'Neills claimed descent from a legendary Irish king, Luke James O'Neill was born in the Kingdom of Naples. Learn more about the O'Neill family and the remarkable family business that Luke started in Edinburgh.


Bell brothers

This is the gravestone of Benjamin Bell (1750-1806), a forensic surgeon. His great-grandson Joseph Bell was a lecturer at the Edinburgh University medical school and inspired the literary character of Sherlock Holmes. Benjamin's gravestone also records the deaths of his two grandsons Andrew Ross Bell (1809-1841) and James Bell (1811-1843).


Alexander Liston

Alexander Liston (1780-1871) was the son of a farm labourer who became an Elder of Canongate Church. Find out how this former soldier's attempts to help the minister resulted in a local scandal.


James Wharton

This gravestone commemorates James Wharton (1846-66) who was the son of an Edinburgh fish merchant. Like many of young men at the time James sought new opportunities abroad but sadly died aged only 20 far from his home and family in Shanghai.

Scotland's Italian community

It is widely thought that Scotland's Italian community traces its roots to people who emigrated from Italy in the 1890s. Yet the gravestones to Anthony Lazzeroni (c1816-1866), John Baptest Nolli (c1790-1829) and Lewis Joseph Butti (c1796-1868) reveal that some Italians settled in Edinburgh as early as the 1840s

David Mitchelson

This is the gravestone of David Mitchelson (1732-1802). His inscription describes him as 'late of New York' and originally from Kirremuir, just to the north of Dundee but makes no mention of the explosive international event he was caught up in in 1770. Find out more about Mitchelson's life and travels.


Robert Fergusson statue

This is the much-loved statue of Robert Fergusson was designed by David Annand.

Agnes Craig

This is the gravestone of Agnes Craig (1759-1841) whose correspondence with the poet Robert Burns inspired the immortal lines 'Ae fond kiss, and then we sever; Ae fareweel, alas, for ever'. Learn more about the remarkable woman who lies behind the pen name of 'Clarinda'.


The Last Chimera

This sculpture is called The Last Chimera and was completed in 1950 by Josefina de Vasconcellos (1904 -2005). Find out more about this artwork.


Robert Hurd

This is the gravestone of Robert Hurd, architect, (1905-63). Hurd was responsible for the reconstruction of large sections of the Canongate into local authority housing, which involved a mixture of refurbishment, rebuilding and new build.

Hugh Williams

This is the gravestone of Hugh Williams (1773-1829) the landscape painter whose style earned him the name 'Grecian Williams'.

John Frederick Lampe

This is the gravestone of the German bassoon player John Frederick Lampe (c1703-51). Learn more about Lampe's work and musical connections.


Mary Balfour

This is the gravestone of Mary Balfour (1778-1818), the pioneering female novelist. Balfour published her first novel 'Self Control' in 1811. Learn more about Mary Balfour's life, which proved as romantic as a novel.


Robert Fergusson

This is the gravestone of the poet Robert Fergusson (1750-74). Although his work is sadly largely forgotten today he counts the literary giants of Robert Burns and Robert Louis Stevenson amongst his admirers. Find out more about Fergusson's work and his unfortunate early death.


Darcy Lever

This is the gravestone of the English actor Darcy Lever (c1760-1839). Lever used the stage name 'Mr Darcy' and specialised in playing arrogant young aristocrats. Did his reputation prove the inspiration for Jane Austen's hero in Pride and Prejudice?

William Craig

This is the gravestone of William Craig (1745-1813), a lawyer who was respected for the clarity of his rulings and benevolent manner.

John Walker

This is the gravestone of the Reverend John Walker (1731-1803) who was both a Minister of the Church of Scotland and Regius Professor of Natural History and Keeper of the University's Museum at Edinburgh.

Charles Alston

This is the gravestone of Charles Alston (1683-1760) who was Professor of Botany in the University of Edinburgh.

Canongate Kirkyard

Canongate Kirkyard offers one of the finest views of the Royal High School buildings and the monuments on the south side of Calton Hill.

Dugald Stewart

This is the gravestone of Dugald Stewart (1753-1828) one of the last of the great Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, famed for his teachings based on 'common sense' philosophy.

Adam Smith

This is the gravestone of Adam Smith (1723-90), who is considered to be the leading figure of the Scottish Enlightenment. He was a philosopher and economist, and author of 'An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth Of Nations'. Learn more about Adam Smith and his work.


George Drummond

This is the gravestone of George Drummond (1688-1766), six times Lord Provost of Edinburgh. Find out why Drummond is called 'the father of Edinburgh's New Town'.


Alexander Ramsay

This is the gravestone of Alexander Ramsay who was a 'sclater', which is an old spelling of 'slater'.

Alexander Miller

This is the gravestone of Alexander Miller, glazier. He died in 1782 and so was probably active when work on Edinburgh's New Town started in 1765.

James Hunter

This is the gravestone of James Hunter, who died in 1801, and was a vintner or wine merchant. For those who could afford them wines offered a 'safer' alternative to drinking water, which was often polluted.


This is the monument to the Society of Coachdrivers in the Canongate and was erected by members Thomas Jamieson and Robert Maving. Find out more about coach drivers in the Canongate.


Thomas Thomson

This is the gravestone of Thomas Thomson (1774-1863), baker. Thomson's mother-in-law was called Janet Baxter. As well as being a common surname Baxter is the old Scottish word for baker.

James Gilbert

This is the gravestone of James Gilbert (c1729-1777) who was a brewer. In the 18th and 19th centuries there were many breweries in Canongate. This was partly because at this time beer was often safer to drink than the water!

George Chalmers

This is the gravestone of George Chalmers (1773-1836), plumber. He left a bequest to found 'a new infirmary or sick and hurt hospital'. This was eventually built on the corner of Lauriston Place and Chalmers Street and opened in 1864. The buildings on this site are still used by the National Health Service.

Robert Campbell

This is one of the oldest gravestones in the kirkyard. It belongs to Robert Campbell who died in 1723 who was a 'smith and ferrier'. Ferrier is an old spelling of farrier - someone who made and fitted horseshoes and looked after horses' hooves.

James Weddell

This is the gravestone of James Weddell who died in 1835 and was a confectioner, someone who made and sold sweets from his shop in Hanover Street in the New Town.

Canongate mercat cross

The mercat cross was moved into the Kirkyard in 1953. There are several examples of Scottish Kirkyards with mercat crosses. At some of these sites (but not Canongate) the churchyard itself was used as the market place. Find out more about the Canongate mercat cross.


Dr John Jardine

This is the gravestone of Dr John Jardine (1715-66), Dean of the Most Ancient Order of the Thistle and one of His Majesty's Chaplains for Scotland.

James Gregory

This is the gravestone of James Gregory (1753-1821), a royal surgeon renowned for his hot temper. Learn more about the characterful James Gregory.


John Watson Gordon

This is the gravestone of the artist John Watson Gordon (1788-1864), who was awarded the position of Limner to Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Limner is an old term for an illuminator of manuscripts and more generally for a painter.

James Clark

This is the gravestone of James Clark (1732-1808) who was awarded the position of 'Farrier to His Majesty in Scotland'. As a farrier Clark fitted horseshoes and practised 'horse doctoring'.

David Riccio

Legend says that David Riccio's (1533-66) body was finally laid to rest in Canongate Kirkyard. Learn more about Riccio's tragic death and his link to Mary Queen of Scots.


John, Lord Macleod

This is the gravestone of John, Lord Macleod (1727-89) who became Aide-de-Camp to the Swedish King. Learn more about the military adventures of John, Lord Macleod.


A royal burgh

At the top of the church are a gilded stag's head and cross, the arms of the Burgh of Canongate. Find out why these symbols were picked for the burgh and their link to royalty.


Bring the stories of those buried in the kirkyard to life by following in their footsteps and exploring the Canongate. Click on the numbered circles to learn more about the people and places that helped to shape the Canongate. Explore the kirkyard using the map above, or click on the thumbnail below to explore the Canongate map.

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