This is the gravestone of Luke James O'Neill (1736-1824). While the O'Neills claimed descent from a legendary Irish king, Luke James O'Neill was born in the Kingdom of Naples. Learn more about the O'Neill family and the remarkable family business that Luke started in Edinburgh.
This is the gravestone of Benjamin Bell (1750-1806), a forensic surgeon. His great-grandson Joseph Bell was a lecturer at the Edinburgh University medical school and inspired the literary character of Sherlock Holmes. Benjamin's gravestone also records the deaths of his two grandsons Andrew Ross Bell (1809-1841) and James Bell (1811-1843).
Alexander Liston (1780-1871) was the son of a farm labourer who became an Elder of Canongate Church. Find out how this former soldier's attempts to help the minister resulted in a local scandal.
It is widely thought that Scotland's Italian community traces its roots to people who emigrated from Italy in the 1890s. Yet the gravestones to Anthony Lazzeroni (c1816-1866), John Baptest Nolli (c1790-1829) and Lewis Joseph Butti (c1796-1868) reveal that some Italians settled in Edinburgh as early as the 1840s
This is the gravestone of David Mitchelson (1732-1802). His inscription describes him as 'late of New York' and originally from Kirremuir, just to the north of Dundee but makes no mention of the explosive international event he was caught up in in 1770. Find out more about Mitchelson's life and travels.
This is the gravestone of Agnes Craig (1759-1841) whose correspondence with the poet Robert Burns inspired the immortal lines 'Ae fond kiss, and then we sever; Ae fareweel, alas, for ever'. Learn more about the remarkable woman who lies behind the pen name of 'Clarinda'.
This sculpture is called The Last Chimera and was completed in 1950 by Josefina de Vasconcellos (1904 -2005). Find out more about this artwork.
This is the gravestone of the German bassoon player John Frederick Lampe (c1703-51). Learn more about Lampe's work and musical connections.
This is the gravestone of Mary Balfour (1778-1818), the pioneering female novelist. Balfour published her first novel 'Self Control' in 1811. Learn more about Mary Balfour's life, which proved as romantic as a novel.
This is the gravestone of the poet Robert Fergusson (1750-74). Although his work is sadly largely forgotten today he counts the literary giants of Robert Burns and Robert Louis Stevenson amongst his admirers. Find out more about Fergusson's work and his unfortunate early death.
This is the gravestone of Adam Smith (1723-90), who is considered to be the leading figure of the Scottish Enlightenment. He was a philosopher and economist, and author of 'An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth Of Nations'. Learn more about Adam Smith and his work.
This is the gravestone of George Drummond (1688-1766), six times Lord Provost of Edinburgh. Find out why Drummond is called 'the father of Edinburgh's New Town'.
This is the monument to the Society of Coachdrivers in the Canongate and was erected by members Thomas Jamieson and Robert Maving. Find out more about coach drivers in the Canongate.
This is the gravestone of George Chalmers (1773-1836), plumber. He left a bequest to found 'a new infirmary or sick and hurt hospital'. This was eventually built on the corner of Lauriston Place and Chalmers Street and opened in 1864. The buildings on this site are still used by the National Health Service.
The mercat cross was moved into the Kirkyard in 1953. There are several examples of Scottish Kirkyards with mercat crosses. At some of these sites (but not Canongate) the churchyard itself was used as the market place. Find out more about the Canongate mercat cross.
This is the gravestone of James Gregory (1753-1821), a royal surgeon renowned for his hot temper. Learn more about the characterful James Gregory.
Legend says that David Riccio's (1533-66) body was finally laid to rest in Canongate Kirkyard. Learn more about Riccio's tragic death and his link to Mary Queen of Scots.
This is the gravestone of John, Lord Macleod (1727-89) who became Aide-de-Camp to the Swedish King. Learn more about the military adventures of John, Lord Macleod.
At the top of the church are a gilded stag's head and cross, the arms of the Burgh of Canongate. Find out why these symbols were picked for the burgh and their link to royalty.
Bring the stories of those buried in the kirkyard to life by following in their footsteps and exploring the Canongate. Click on the numbered circles to learn more about the people and places that helped to shape the Canongate. Explore the kirkyard using the map above, or click on the thumbnail below to explore the Canongate map.